Paleontologists uncover new species of titanosaurs in Egypt

Paleontologists discover new species of titanosaurs in Egypt

Naming a brand new genus and species of titanosaur dinosaur Ejay Simkho It was described by a paleontologist at Midwestern College Eric Jurscak And his colleagues.

Reconstructing the life of Ejay Simkho.  Image source: Sci.News / Connor Ashbridge / Bing Image Creator.

Rebuilding life Ejay Simkho. Picture supply: Sci.Information / Connor Ashbridge / Bing Picture Creator.

Ejay Simkho They roamed our planet throughout the Campanian Interval within the Late Cretaceous, about 75 million years in the past.

This species belongs to a various group of long-necked plant-eating dinosaurs referred to as Titanosauria.

Recognized for his or her giant physique sizes, lengthy necks and broad stances, the group consists of species starting from the biggest recognized terrestrial vertebrates to “pygmies” no bigger than elephants.

Ejay Simkho “It constitutes one of the crucial informative dinosaurs so far recovered from the Late Cretaceous of African Arabia,” mentioned Dr. Jurscak and co-authors.

Partial postcranial skeleton Ejay Simkho – 5 dorsal vertebrae and 12 accent components – had been present in sediments Short formationEast of El-Mex El-Mex, Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt.

Ejay Simkho Paleontologists mentioned that this sort is the second sort of titanosaur to be described from the Higher Cretaceous Quseir Formation within the oases of the Western Desert in Egypt.

Comparisons of dimensions of recognized limb components Ejay Simkho Extra full research of titanosaurs counsel that the person was comparatively medium-sized for the clade, maybe 10–15 meters (33–49 ft) in estimated whole physique size.

Ejay Simkho Perhaps it was somewhat larger than Mansourasour ShahiniThe opposite sort, referred to as Titanosaurus, is from the Qusair Formation close to the Dakhla Oasis, and its whole physique size is estimated at 8-10 meters (26-33 ft).

“Apparently, and maybe not coincidentally, all recognized titanosaurs from the Campania-Maastrichtian deposits of North Africa (i.e., IJ, Mansourasaurus“Sauropod dinosaurs, and an unspecified kind from Morocco) and the then hooked up Arabian Peninsula, had been small to medium sized for sauropod dinosaurs,” the researchers mentioned.

“The identical is true for many Campanian-Maastrichtian titanosaurs from southern Europe.”

“In distinction, some Campanian-Maastrichtian titanosaurs from the Americas reached a lot bigger physique dimensions, and equally, large-bodied species appeared at extra southern latitudes in Africa throughout a roughly equal geological interval because the reported large titanosaur bones that didn’t It’s described after Maastricht Labor. Sandstone in northwestern Kenya.

Extra importantly, Ejay Simkho It reinforces the speculation of an Afro-Eurasian department of the newest Cretaceous titanosaurs, with African representatives of this group presently recognized solely from the northeastern area of the continent, particularly Egypt.

Ejay Simkho “It strengthens the speculation that North Africa and Eurasia shared a intently associated terrestrial tetrapod fauna on the finish of the Cretaceous, and it additionally distinguishes this fauna from up to date assemblages elsewhere in Africa, such because the Galula Formation in Tanzania, which present extra conventional Gondwanan assemblages.” He mentioned.

“At current, the particular paleogeographic sign seems to differ between completely different teams of dinosaurs, suggesting that Cretaceous Afro-Arabian organisms could have skilled an evolutionary and paleogeographic historical past that was extra complicated than beforehand anticipated.”

the the findings Posted in Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.


Eric Jurscak et al. A brand new titanosaur dinosaur (Dinosaurs: Sauropoda) from the Higher Cretaceous (Campanian) Qusayr Formation of Kharga Oasis, Egypt. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, printed on-line July 20, 2023; doi: 10.1080/02724634.2023.2199810



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